De-dollarization: BRICS propose local currencies in trade, transactions
New Delhi: In yet another move to free world trade from the predominance of the US dollar and other European currencies, the group of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) on Friday underlined the need for using local currencies in international trade and financial transactions, as they committed to support rule-based open and transparent global trade, the media reported.
In a joint statement issued at the end of the BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs and International Relations meeting, they also pressed for a robust Global Financial Safety Net (GFSN) with a quota-based and adequately resourced International Monetary Fund (IMF) at its center.
The process of IMF governance reform under the 16th General Review of Quotas, including a new quota formula as a guide, should be completed by December 15, 2023.
The joint statement titled “The Cape of Good Hope” said the BRICS ministers supported a free, open, transparent, inclusive, equitable, non-discriminatory, and rules-based multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization (WTO) at its core, with Special and Differential Treatment (S&DT) for developing countries, including the Least Developed Countries (LDCs).
“They stressed their support to work towards positive and meaningful outcomes on the issues at the 13th Ministerial Conference (MC13), and committed to engaging constructively to pursue the necessary WTO reform with a view to presenting concrete deliverables to MC13. They also called for the restoration of a fully and well-functioning dispute settlement system accessible to all members by 2024, and the selection of new Appellate Body Members without further delay,” it said.
It said they condemned unilateral protectionist measures under the pretext of environmental concerns such as unilateral and discriminatory carbon border adjustment mechanisms, taxes, and other measures.
The BRICS group brought together five of the world’s largest developing countries, representing 41 percent of the global population, 24 percent of the global GDP, and 16 percent of the global trade.
The ministers recognized the impact on the world economy from unilateral approaches in breach of international law and noted the situation got further complicated by unilateral economic coercive measures, such as sanctions, boycotts, embargoes, and blockades.
The two-day ministers’ meeting emphasized the importance of financial inclusion so that citizens can reap the benefits of economic growth and prosperity and welcomed the many new technological instruments for financial inclusion, developed in BRICS countries, which can contribute to ensuring the citizens’ full participation in the formal economy.
It also congratulated Dilma Rousseff, former President of Brazil, for being elected as President of the New Development Bank (NDB) and exuded confidence that it will contribute to strengthening the NDB in effectively achieving its mandate.
They urged the NDB to follow the member-led and demand-driven principle, mobilize financing from diversified sources, enhance innovation and knowledge exchange, assist member countries in achieving the SDGs, and further improve efficiency and effectiveness to fulfill its mandate, aiming to be a premier multilateral development institution, it said.
The ministers emphasized that ensuring energy security is a crucial foundation for economic development, social stability, national security, and the welfare of all nations worldwide.
They called for resilient global supply chains and predictable, stable energy demand to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy sources.
“They also stressed the importance of enhancing energy security and market stability by strengthening value chains, promoting open, transparent, and competitive markets, and ensuring the protection of critical energy infrastructure. They strongly condemned all terrorist attacks against critical infrastructure, including critical energy facilities, and against other vulnerable targets.”
The next Summit of BRICS nations will be held in South Africa in August 2023.